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Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Term

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Abstinence violation effect
Active phase
Acute stress disorder
Adjustment disorder
Affect
Agnosia
Agoraphobia
Akinesia
Alcohol Dehydrogenase ( ADH )
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase ( ALDH )
Alters
Amnestic Disorder
Amygdala
Analog Observation
Anorexia Nervosa
Anoxia
Antecedents
Anterograde Amnesia
Antisocial Behavior
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Anxiety Disorders
Aphasia's
Apraxia
Archetypes
Assertiveness Training
Assessment
Assigned Sex
Association Cortex
Asylum
Attachment Style
Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( ADHD )
Attributions
Atypical Features
Auditory Hallucination
Autism
Automatic
Autonomic Nervous System
Aversions
Aversive Conditioning
Avoidant Disorder
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Axon


B

B-amyloid Protein
Basal Ganglia
Base Rate
Baseline
Behavioral Assessment
Behavioral Interviewing
Behavior Medicine
Behavior Self-report
Behavioral Checklist and Inventories
Benzodiazepines
Big Win
Binges
Biofeedback
Biological Markers
Biopsychosocial Model
Bipolar Disorder
Blood Pressure
Borderline Personality Disorder
Bradykinesia
Brain Electrical Activity Mapping ( BEAM )
Brief Reactive Psychosis
Broca's Aphasia
Bulimia Nervosa


C

Carcinoid Tumors
Case Study
Case Formulation
Catatonia
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Catecholamines Hypothesis
Cell Body
Central Nervous System ( CNS )
Cerebellum
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebral Hemispheres
Child Rapist
Choline Acetyltransferase ( CAT )
Chromosome
Classical Conditioning
Claustrophobia
Client
Client-centered
Clinical Psychologist
Cluttering
Cognitive Triad
Cognitive Restructuring
Cognitive Distortions
Cognitive Impairment Disorders
Cognitive-behaviorism
Commitment
Community Mental Health Centers ( CMHC )
Competency to stand Trial
Compulsion
Computerized Axial Tomography ( CAT/ CT )
Concordance Rate
Conditioned Fear Reactions
Conditioned Response
Conditioned Stimulus
Conditions of worth
Conduct Disorder
Congruence
Consequences
Contingency Management
Continuous Amnesia
Control Group
Conversion Disorder
Coping
Coprolalia
Corpus Callosum
Correlation
Cortical Atrophy
Cortisol
Counterconditioning
Covert Conditioning
Crack Cocaine
Crossfostering
Cue Exposure Method
Cyclothymia


D

Day treatment program
Decision tree
Defense mechanisms
Deficit needs
Deinstitutionalization movement
Delirium tremens
Delirium
Delusion
Demand characteristics
Dementia praecox
Dementia
Dendrite
Denial
Denial/intrusion phase
Dependence
Dependent personality disorder
Dependent variable
Depersonalization
Depersonalization disorder
Depressant
Detoxification treatment
Developmental coordination disorder
Deviation IQ
Dexamethasone Suppression Test (DST)
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
Diathesis-stress model
Differential Diagnosis
Discrimination
Disorder of written expression
Disorganized schizophrenia
Displacement
Disturbances in the sense of self
Disulfiram
Dizygotic twins
Dopamine hypothesis
Double-bind hypothesis
Double-blind technique
Down syndrome
Down-regulation
Dream analysis
Dream anxiety order
Duty to warn
Dysfunctional attitudes
Dyspareunia
Dysphoria
Dysphoric mood
Dyssomnias
Dysthymia


E

Echolalia
Ego
Ego-ideal
Elective mutism
Electrocardiogram (ECG)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
Electrodermal response (also called Galvanic Skin Response or GSR)
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
Electromyography (EMG)
Elevated mood
Empathy
Empirical criterion keying
Endocrine system
Endogenous depression
Endorphins
Enkephalins
Enmeshed families
Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome ( EMS )
Epilepsy
Erotomania
Euphoria
Euphoric mood
Event related potential (ERP)
Exictatory synapse
Exhibitionism
Existential
Expectancy model
Experimental group
Experimental method
Expressed emotion (or EE)
Expressive language disorder
Extinction


F

Factitious disorder
Failure to thrive
Family history
Family therapy
Family dynamics
Female orgasmic disorder
Female sexual arousal disorder
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetish
Fetishism
Fixation
Flashbacks
Flat affect
Flexible interview
Flooding
Fragile X syndrome
Free association
Frontal lobe
Frotteur
Frotteurism
Fugue (sometimes called dissociative or psychogenic fugue)
Fully-functioning
Functional encopresis
Functional enuresis


G

Gender identity
Gender identity disorder
Gender role
Gene
Generalization
Generalized amnesia
Generalized anxiety disorder
Genetic mapping
Genitality
Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)
Grandiose delusional disorder
Grandiosity
Granulovacular degeneration
Group therapy
Gustatory hallucination


H

Halfway house
Hallucination
Hallucinogens
Hierarchy of needs
High-risk design
Hippocampus
Histrionic personality disorder
Hormones
Host
Humanistic
Huntington's disease
Hypersomnia
Hypervigilant
Hypoactive sexual desire disorder
Hypnotherapy
Hypnotics
Hypnotism
Hypochondriasis
Hypothalamus
Hypothesis formation process
Hysteria
Hysterical neurosis


I

Id
Identified patient
Identity
Identity confusion
Illusion
Imaginal flooding
Impulse
Impulse control
Impulse control disorders
In vivo observation
In vivo exposure
Inappropriate affect
Incongruence
Independent variable
Individual psychotherapy
Indolamine hypothesis
Induced psychotic disorder
Informed consent
Inhibitory synapse
Insanity defense
Insomnia
Intelligence quotient
Intermittent explosive disorder
Intoxication
IQ
Irrational beliefs
Irresistible impulse
Isolation


J

Jealous delusional disorder


K

Kleptomania
Korsakoff's syndrome


L

La belle indifference
Labeling
Lactate
Lactate theory
Latent
Learned helplessness model
Learning disorder
Least restrictive alternative
Libido
Limbic system
Localized amnesia
Longitudinal research design
Lovemap


M

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (sometimes called nuclear magnetic resonance or NMR)
Mainstreaming
Major depression
Major depressive episode
Major depressive disorder
Male orgasmic disorder (or inhibited male orgasm)
Male erectile disorder
Malingering
Manic episode
Masked depression
Masochist
Mathematics disorder
Medical model
Melancholic depression
Mental retardation
Mental status examintion
Mesmerized
Methadone
Milieu therapy
Modality
Modeling
Monozygotic twins
Mood
Moral treatment
Motor behavior
Motor disturbances
Multiaxial system
Multi-factorial polygenic threshold
Multiple baseline approach
Multiple personality disorder
Multiple sclerosis
Munchausen's syndrome


N

Narcissistic personality disorder
Narcotics
Negative reinforcement
Negative sypmptoms
Neurofibrillary tangles
Neuroleptics
Neurometrics
Neuron
Neuropsychological assesment
Neurosis
Neurotransmitter
Neutrality
Normal mood or euthymic mood
Normal pressure hydrocephalus


O

Object relations
Observation
Obsession
Obsessive
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
Occipital lobe
Olfactory hallucination
Operant conditioning
Oppositional defiant disorder
Oral-aggressive phase
Oral-passive
Orgasmic reconditioning
Orientation
Outcry phase
Overanxious disorder


P

Panic attack
Panic disorder
Paradoxical communication
Paradoxical intervention
Paranoid personality disorder
Paranoid schizophrenia
Paraphilia
Parasomnias
Parasuicide
Parasympathetic nervous system
Parietal lobe
Parkinson's disease
Partialism
Participant modeling
Passive-aggressive personality disorder
Pathological gambling
Peak experience
Pedophilia
Penis envy
Percentile score
Peripheral nervous system
Persecutory delusional disorder
Personal history
Personal constructs
Personality trait
Personality disorders
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Phonological disorder
Pica
Pick's disease
Pituitary gland
Placebo condition
Pleasure principle
Population
Positive reinforcement
Positice symptoms
Positron emission tomography scan (PET)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Potentiation
Preference molester
Prefrontal area
Premature ejaculation
Premorbid functioning
Primary gain
Primary reinforcers
Primary process thinking
Principal diagnosis
Probability
Probands
Process
Prodromal phase
Prognosis
Projection
Projective test
Pseudodementia
Psyche
Psychiatrist
Psychoactive substance
Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalytic model
Psychodynamic perspective
Psychodynamics (literally, dynamics of the mind)
Psychogenic amnesia (sometimes called dissociative amnesia)
Psychological testing
Psychometrics
Psychoneuroimmunology
Psychophysiological condition
Psychophysiological disorders
Psychophysiological processes
Psychosis
Psychosurgery
Psychotherapy
Punishment
Purge
Pyromania


Q

Q-sort procedure


R

Rationalization
Reaction formation
Reactive attchment disorder
Reactive depression
Reactive
Reactivity
Reading disorder (dyslexia)
Reality principle
Reliability
Receptive language disorder
Regression
Reinforcement
Relapse prevention therapy
Relaxation training
Representativeness
Repression
Residual phase
Residual schizophrenia
Resistance
Reticular formation
Retrograde amnesia
Rumination disorder of infancy


S

Sadist
Sadistic personality disorder
Sadomasochist
Sample
Schedules of reinforcement
Schizoaffective disorder
Schizoid personality disorder
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia spectrum disorders
Schizophreniform disorder
Schizophrenogenic mother
Schizotypal personality disorder
Seasonal depression
Secondary gain
Secondary process thinking
Secondary reinforcers
Sedatives
Selective amnesia
Self-actualization
Self-defeating personality disorder
Self-efficacy
Self-monitoring
Self-report clinical inventory
Senile plaque
Sensate focus
Sensory disturbances
Sensory gating
Separation anxiety disorder
Sexual aversion disorder
Sexual dysfunction
Sexual impulsivity
Sexual masochism
Sexual sadism
Sexual orientation
Shaping
Simple mendelian genetics
Specific (or simple) phobia
Single-subject design
Situational molester
Sleep terror disorder
Sleep-wake schedule disorder
Sleepwalking disorder
Smooth pursuit eye movements
Social cognition
Social learning
Social phobia
Social norm
Social skills training
Somatic nervous system
Somatic delusional disorder
Somatic symptoms
Somatization disorder
Somatoform disorders
Somatoform pain disorder
Specific development disorder
Spectatoring
Splitting
Squeeze technique
Standardized interview
Statistical average
Stereotypy/habit disorder
Stimulant psychosis
Stimulants
Stimulus discrimination
Stimulus generalization
Stop-start procedure
Stress inoculation training
Stress
Structural approach
Stuttering
Subcortical structures
Sublimation
Substance abuse
Suicidal lethality
Suicidal intent
Superego
Sustained attention
Sympathetic nervous system
Symptoms complicating physical illness
Syptoms simulating physical illness
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Syndrome
Systematic desensitization


T

Tactile hallucination
Tardrive dyskinesia
Target behavior
Tay-Sachs disease
Temporal lobe
Testosterone
Therapeutic community
Thought disorder
Thought stopping
Tic
Token economy
Tolerance
Tourette's Disorder
Transference
Transsexualism
Transvestic fetishism
Traumatic experience
Trephining
Trichotillomania


U

Unconditioned response
Unconditioned stimulus
Undifferentiated schizophrenia
Undoing


V

V codes
Vaginismus
Validity
Variable
Variable ratio schedule of reinforcement
Vascular dementia
Vicarious reinforcement
Visual hallucination
Voice disorder
Voyeur
Voyeurism
Vulnerability

W

Wernicke's aphasia
Wernicke's disease
Withdrawl
Working through


X


Y


Z


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